Here's how to make the most of the Grand Canyon
It's 277 miles long, 18 miles wi
It's 277 miles long, 18 miles wide, one mile deep and has six million visitors a year... but don't panic! Here's how to make the most of the Grand Canyon
- Tourists must plan their visit as there are three different areas to see - the North, South and West Rims
- The South Rim is the most accessible and popular because it features what people consider the 'iconic views'
- The West Rim attracts the second largest number of visitors, while the North Rim is best to escape crowds
Awe-inspiring. Majestic. Mesmerising. Mind-blowing. However you choose to describe the Grand Canyon, mere words don't seem enough to convey the wow factor of this amazing natural spectacle.
One of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Grand Canyon this year celebrates the centenary of its designation as a National Park.
Planning is essential to experience the Grand Canyon. After all, there are three different areas to visit — the North, South and West Rims — and they are many miles apart.
Tourists must plan their visit as there are three different areas to see - the North, South and West Rims - and they are many miles apart
First, you need to pick the rim that you favour, as each has individual attractions and it's not a simple task to hop from one side to the other.
The South and North Rims may be just ten miles apart as the crow flies, but driving between them involves a journey of 215 miles and takes almost five hours.
South Rim: The people's favourite
The South Rim is the most popular because it features the iconic views many consider to be the 'true Grand Canyon' and is the most accessible of the three rims.
About six million people a year make the five-hour drive from Phoenix, Arizona; Las Vegas, Nevada; and St George, Utah; or the 90-minute trip from regional airports.
Open all year, the South Rim offers accommodation in hotels, lodges, cabins or campsites either at the Grand Canyon Village in the National Park itself, or in the nearby towns of Tusayan and Williams, where there are properties and restaurants to suit all pockets.
Top five ways to explore the South Rim
The South Rim is the most popular because it features the iconic views many consider to be the 'true Grand Canyon'
1. A scenic helicopter flight is worth every cent of the sky-high fare. I took the Canyon Spirit tour with Maverick Helicopters, a 50-minute, stomach-flipping flight from the South Rim. Priced from £238, visit FlyMaverick.com
2. It's a once-in-a-lifetime trip to join a mule train from the South Rim down giddily narrow and steep switchbacks for a one or two-night stay at Phantom Ranch on the canyon floor.
The trek is highly oversubscribed and only ten riders selected by lottery can saddle up at any one time. I opted for the easier-to-book Vista mule ride along the rim. Priced £114 pp for a half-day or from £477 pp overnight (or £840 for two), visit grandcanyonlodges.com.
3. The three-hour Hermit Road guided cycling tour ends at Hermit's Rest, one of the buildings designed by Mary Jane Colter for early tourists in 1914. Priced £52 for adults, £37 for children, book at Bright Angel Bicycles & Cafe at Mather Point or bikegrandcanyon.com.
4. You don't need an open-top, 4x4 with an entertaining driver relating amusing anecdotes to navigate the scenic Desert View Drive along the South Rim's panoramic lookouts but it does add to the adventure.
Priced £92 per adult, £83 per child, the fare includes National Park entrance fees and a free IMAX ticket for the film Grand Canyon The Hidden Secrets. Visit pinkjeeptours.com.
5. The Trail of Time between Verkamp's Visitor Centre and Yavapai Point and Geology Museum is stroller and wheelchair friendly. Walk below as well as around the rim as looking up provides a whole new perspective.
Even a short descent to the aptly-named Ooh Aah Point on the South Kaibab Trail will give you a flavour.
For Grand Canyon South Rim adventures visit nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/index.htm.
West rim: Dice with vertigo
Grand Canyon West's biggest draw is the Glass Skywalk which juts out 70ft over the edge of the rim like a giant horseshoe
If you're based in Las Vegas, then Grand Canyon West is closest (130 miles) and attracts the second largest number of visitors — one million per annum.
Top three ways to explore Grand Canyon West
1. The biggest draw is the Glass Skywalk which juts out 70ft over the edge of the rim like a giant horseshoe. Those brave enough can 'walk the sky' on the see-through glass balcony suspended 4,000ft above the Canyon floor.
2. Tour the Native American Village at Eagle Point.
3. Try cowboy skills such as the mechanical bull at Hualapai Ranch, or soar on the zip line 500ft above a canyon at 40mph.
Other Grand Canyon West adventures include airplane and helicopter flights; Hualapai River Runners, white-water rafting and pontoon tours. See grandcanyonwest.com.
North rim: spot a mountain lion
Natural wonder: The North Rim is best suited to those who want to escape the crowds and heat and have the chance of spotting bears or fiery autumn shades
The North Rim is best suited to those who want to escape the crowds and heat and have the chance of spotting bears or fiery autumn shades.
Only seen by 10 per cent of all Grand Canyon visitors, it's definitely the road less travelled and for good reason as it closes from mid-October to mid-May due to snow-fall.
The nearest regional airports are St George in Utah (currently closed until the end of September) and Page, Arizona, (both about three hours away), while it's a six-hour drive from Las Vegas and even further from Salt Lake City or Phoenix.
Top three ways to explore the North Rim
1. North Rim Scenic Drive is a 23-mile route encompassing the best viewpoints from Point Imperial and Bright Angel Point to Cape Royal.
2. Best for nature, the more remote North Rim is easier for spotting wildlife such as bears and mountain lions or rare birds like the California Condor, with its 9ft 6in wingspan.
3. The North Rim's higher elevation means it is cooler and more peaceful for hiking, cycling and mule treks under the pretty Ponderosa Pines. Far away from light pollution, it's ideal for star gazing.
Other North Rim activities include snow-shoeing and cross-country skiing in winter, at your own risk.
In summer, reservations for the Grand Canyon Lodge and campsite are essential (nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/north-rim.htm).
Do: Wear layers, a hat and sunscreen plus carry water and snacks. Visit in spring or autumn when it's cooler and not as crowded as summer.
Don't: Feed the wild squirrels and chipmunks — they will bite and frequently do. Drop litter or throw 'lucky' coins.
Audley Travel (audleytravel.com/USA, 01993 838 755) offers a 15-day tour of the Western USA that incorporates a three-night visit to the Grand Canyon from £3,155 pp (based on two sharing) and includes flights, car rental, accommodation and activities. American Airlines (aa.com) has launched a new, year-round daily flight from London in partnership with British Airways. Fly return from £479 pp in Economy; £903 pp in Premium Economy or in Business Class from £4,250 pp return.